Saturday, January 4, 2020

Analysis Of Plato s The Mind And Souls - 1754 Words

It was a simple concept that was built and moulded. That never existed in reality or theory until chosen and perceives it to exist. Socrates, the fictional identity that, Plato creates for himself, leads us on to a journey of the mind and souls through discussion with his fellow philosophers: Thrasymachus, Polermarchus, Glaucon and Adeimantus that eagerly approve to this development. In Book I, so what is justice? This abstract idea provokes Polermarchus to suggest that justice that justice is both the truth and paying off debts including those out of kindness (others done upon you) and wrong doing ( you done upon others). But how does this apply to evil and evil deed? Can the same rules apply? Polermarchus then goes on to say that†¦show more content†¦Those who know how to how to evade justice can manipulate it thus an understanding of one thing one can give you the complete understanding and comprehension of the opposite of that subject. E.g. A master keeper understands how to prevent objects from getting stolen thus understands the ways of stealing them consequently becoming a thief so â€Å"takes a thief to catch a thief.† Two sides to the same coin. Hence a friend may become an enemy and enemy a friend, give rise to one should trust no one. This brings the dilemma of what is good and what is evil? Is it in the eye of the beholder, our own morals and ethics? How can we judge by those standards? This exposes the credibility of appearances early on as a major theme and constantly be referred to continuously throughout the book. Thrasymachus offers tyranny. Obedience to the interest of the stronger, is unsubstantial and is likewise discarded. Plato uses many analogies to describe the fragmentation of the soul. However illustrating supremacy contradicting Thrasymachus demonstrating justices is power on the hand guarantees a harmonious life for both man and State. That justice is the excellence of the soul is Socrates main conclusion. But there are too many assumptions. Book II introduces new philosophical approach to justices, stating that legalities is justices so neutral laws are formed to enforced and developed for the mutual protection of citizens of a state so fabrication of the state to prevent civilians

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